I’ve got a friend who is an associate dean here, an anthropologist, who encouraged his kids to take as much logic and epistemology in college as they could get. In talking with him, I think he views epistemology as a branch of logic–in the way one would think of it if one thought of epistemology primarily in terms of non-deductive inference and confirmation theory.
I suspect this view is appropriate to much of the history of epistemology, with the more contemporary, normative view of epistemology being a more recent development. This difference leads to a question: when did the change take place, and why? My first thought is to cite Chisholm and his teacher, C.I. Lewis, with their emphasis on irreducible prima facie credibility for certain evidential connections. But perhaps the story is more complicated. For example, some have suggested that it is the pragmatists who are responsible for turning epistemology from a primary concern for non-deductive inference and confirmation theory to the contemporary emphasis on justification with the resulting normative conception of the discipline.
Any ideas here?